Feather Reed Grass

‘Karl Foerster’ cultivar winning 2001 Perennial of the Year award.

Early Signs of Spring(Early to Mid April)

Conifer

Nordmann Fir(Abies Nordmanniana)
A mature 'Signature Tree' with handsome lustrous deep green foliage.

Cool Season Annuals

Pansies(Viola x wittrockiana)
Bellis / English Daisy(Bellis perennis)
Calendula / Pot Marigold(Calendula officinalis)
Wallflower(Cheiranthus cheiri / Erysimum)
A biennial grown as an cool season annual.

Deciduous Tree

Red Maple(Acer rubrum)
Red flowers in spring and great fall foliage color
Common Alder / Black Alder(Alnus glutinosa)
Showy reddish-brown male flowers (catkins) and female egg-shaped brown nutlets persisting through winter.

Early Spring Bulbs

Winter Aconite(Eranthis hyemalis)
Daffodils(Narcissus)
Hyacinth(Hyacinthus orientalis)
Grape Hyacinth(Muscari latifolium)
Siberian Squill(Scilla siberica)
Greek Windflower(Anemone blanda)
Common Snowdrop(Galanthus nivalis)
Glory-of-the-Snow(Chionodoxa sardensis)

Early Spring Perennials

Lenten Rose(Helleborus orientalis)
Lungwort(Pulmonaria angustifolia)

Groundcover

Sweetbox(Sarcococca hookeriana var. humilis)
Common Periwinkle Vine(Vinca minor)
Alleghany Pachysandra(Pachysandra procumbens)
Evergreen Ground cover, white flowers

Perennials

Primrose(Primula hybrida)
Christmas Rose(Helleborus niger)
Blooming for Christmas through spring

Shrub

Witchhazel(Hamamelis x intermedia)
Colorful fall foliage
Forsythia(Forsythia x intermedia)
PJM Rhododendron(Rhododendron P.J.M. Hybrids)
Reblooms in fall
Japanese Pieris(Pieris japonica)
Colorful showy flower buds in early spring and winter
Fragrant Winterhazel(Corylopsis glabrescens)
Golden fall foliage
Harry Lauder’s Walkingstick(Corylus avellana 'Contorta')
Yellowtwig Dogwood(Cornus sericea ‘Bud’s Yellow’)
Redtwig Dogwood(Cornus stolonifera)
Best red stems color if older branches, thicker than a pencil, are removed yearly.
Spicebush(Lindera benzoin)
Native woodland shrub with tiny yellow flowers covering plant in early spring.
Black Pussywillow(Salix gracillistyla melanostachys)

Small Flowering Tree

Cornelian Cherry Dogwood(Cornus mas)
Star Magnolia(Magnolia stellata)
Flowering Cherries(Prunus)
Beautiful fall foliage
Persian Parrotia(Parrotia persica)
Colorful fall foliage

Spring Bulbs

Tulips – 27,000 featuring over 60 cultivars(Tulipa hybrida)

Spring Extravaganza(Mid April to Mid May)

Bulbs

Spanish Bluebells(Hyacinthoides hispanicus)
Giant Snowflakes(Leucojum aestivum)

Conifer

Weeping Blue Atlas Cedar(Cedus atlantica 'Glauca Pendula')
A mature 'Signature tree' with silvery blue foliage on cascading branches.
Deodar Cedar(Cedrus deodara)
Japanese Cryptomeria(Cryptomeria japonica 'Dense Jade')
Original Mother tree for this cultivar.
Common Larch(Larix decidua)
Conifer that drops it needles over the winter.
Weeping Norway Spruce(Picea abies forma pendula 'Inversa')
Mature specimen 'Signature Tree'.
‘Moerheimii’ Blue Spruce(Picea pungens 'Moerheimii')
Majestic 'Signature Tree' in every season.
Weeping White Pine(Pinus strobus 'Pendula')
Sierra Redwood(Sequoiadendron giganteum)
Native to California, this 'Signature tree' is a dwarf 40 to 60' compared to 250' west coast giants.
Common Baldcypress(Taxodium distichum)
Deciduous conifer shedding it's bronzed needles in the fall.

Cool Season Annuals

Pansies(Viola x wittrockiana)
Bellis / English Daisy(Bellis perennis)
Calendula / Pot Marigold(Calendula officinalis)
Ageratum / Flossflower(Ageratum houstonianum)
Snapdragon(Antirrhinum majus)
Wallflower(Cheiranthus cheiri / Erysimum)
A biennial grown as an cool season annual.
Pink / Sweet William(Dianthus species)
Sweet Alyssum(Lobularia maritima)
Nemesia(Nemesia hybrida)

Deciduous Tree

Japanese Maple Trees(Acer palmatum)
Many cultivars have as colorful foliage in spring as in fall. Branch structure interesting in winter.
Weeping European Beech(Fagus sylvatica 'Pendula')
Mature specimen 'Signature Tree' about 100 years old.
Tricolor Beech(Fagus sylvatica 'Purpurea Tricolor')
Purplish leaves are edged and striped with rose and pinkish white.
Purple Beech(Fagus sylvatica 'Purpurea')
Mature specimen trees, elephant skin like trunks.
Willow Oak(Quercus phellos)
Impressive native 'Signature Tree'. Leaves look like a willow.
Black Oak(Quercus velutina)
Massive grove of native trees.

Early Spring Bulbs

Daffodils(Narcissus)

Early Spring Perennials

Lungwort(Pulmonaria angustifolia)

Perennials

Virginia Bluebells(Mertensia virginica)
Bugleweed(Ajuga reptans)
Candytuft(Iberis sempervirens)
Pasque-Flower(Anemone pulsatilla)
Creeping Phlox(Phlox subulata)
Primrose(Primula hybrida)
Bleeding Hearts(Dicentra spectabilis)

Shrub

Japanese Pieris(Pieris japonica)
Colorful showy flower buds in early spring and winter
Azaleas(Rhododendron species)
Kerria(Kerria japonica)
Oregon Grapeholly(Mahonia aquifolium)
Broadleaf Evergreen
Serviceberry(Amelanchier arborea)
Native shrub is covered with white blooms in spring and beautiful colored foliage in autumn.
Red Chokeberry(Aronia arbutifolia)
Viburnum(Viburnum species)
Fothergilla(Fothergilla major)
Beautiful fall foliage
Tree Peony(Paeonia suffruticosa)
Spicebush(Lindera benzoin)
Native woodland shrub with tiny yellow flowers covering plant in early spring.

Small Flowering Tree

Flowering Plum(Prunus triloba)
Weeping Cherry(Prunus subhirtella var. pendula)
Carolina Silverbell(Halesia carolina)
Redbud(Cercis canadensis)
Hardy-orange(Ponciris trifoliate)
Oriental Cherry(Prunus serrulata 'Kwanzan')
Yoshino Cherry(Prunus yedoensis)
Crabapples(Malus)
Colorful fruit in fall and winter. Birds will eat over winter.

Spring Bulbs

Tulips – 27,000 featuring over 60 cultivars(Tulipa hybrida)
Crown Imperial(Fritillaria imperialis)

Vines

Wisteria(Wisteria floribunda)

Late Spring Blooms(May to Early June)

Bulbs

Spanish Bluebells(Hyacinthoides hispanicus)
Camas / Quamash(Camassia cuskii)
Giant Snowflakes(Leucojum aestivum)
Garden Lily(Lilium species)
Spring Snowflake(Leucojum vernum)
Ornamental Onion(Allium giganteum)

Cool Season Annuals

Twinspurs(Diascia hybrida)

Deciduous Tree

Tuliptree / Tulip Poplar(Liriodendron tulipifera)
Golden fall color
Red Horsechestnut(Aesculus x carnea)
Black Locust(Robinia pseudoacacia)
Tricolor Beech(Fagus sylvatica 'Purpurea Tricolor')
Purplish leaves are edged and striped with rose and pinkish white.
Horsechestnut(Aesculus hippocastanum)
Catalpa(Catapa speciosa)

Early Spring Perennials

Lungwort(Pulmonaria angustifolia)

Groundcover

Dead Nettle / Lamium(Lamium maculatum)
Colorful foliage
Rockspray / Rock Cotoneaster(Cotoneaster scoparius)
Sweet Woodruff(Galium ororatum)

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Green Hawthorn(Crataegus viridis 'Winter King')

Perennials

Basket-of-Gold(Aurinia saxitilis)
Phlox(Phlox species)
Bearded Iris(Iris germanica)
Some cultivars are re-bloomers
Peony / Chinese Peony(Paeonia lactiflora)
Wild Ginger(Asarum canadense)
Columbine(Aquilegia hybrida)
Lily-of-the-Valley(Convallaria majalis)
Cottage Pinks(Dianthus plumarius)
Giant Ornamental Onion(Allium giganteum)
Seed heads are used in flower arrangements
Bleeding Hearts(Dicentra spectabilis)
Spurge(Euphorbia species)
Red-Hot Poker / Torch Lily(Kniphofia uvaria)
Fairy wings / Bishop’s hat(Epimedium hybrida)
semi-evergreen
Jacob’s Ladder(Polemonium caeruleum)
Blue False Indigo(Baptisia australis)
Solomon’s Seal(Polygonatum biflorum)
Meadowrue(Thalictrum aquilegifolium)
Blue Star(Amsonia tabernaemontana)
Common Thyme(Thymus vulgaris)
Foxglove(Digitalis purpurea)
Technically a biennial, it self sows and can remain in the garden for years.
Cranesbill / Hardy Geranium(Geranium species)
Geum / Avens(Geum hybrids)
Good as cut flowers
Dusty Miller(Senecio cineraria)
Silver-blue foliage is uses as early spring annual, annual, and looks good into late fall.
Siberian Iris(Iris sibirica)
June bloom
Donkey Tail Spurge(Euphorbia myrsinites)
Blue Eyed Grass(sisyrinchium augustifolium)
Campion(Silene carolinana)
Silvery blue fuzzy foliage
Chinese Ground Orchid(Bletilla striata)
Great Solomon’s Seal(Polygonatum commutatum)
Tall Solomon's Seal
False Indigo(Baptisia australis)
Creeping Thyme(Thymus serpyllum)

Shrub

Viburnum(Viburnum species)
Lilacs(Syringa meyeri & vulgaris)
Sweetshrub / Carolina Allspice(Calycanthus floridus)
Sweet Mockorange(Philadelphus coronarius)
Rockspray / Cotoneaster(Cotoneaster horizontalis)
Mountain-laurel(Kalmia latifolia)
Deutzia(Deutzia species)
Cherry laurel(Prunus laurocerasus)
Weigela(Weigela florida)
Blueberry(Vaccinium corymbosum)
Rhododendron(Rhododendron species and cultivars)
Heavenly bamboo / Nandina(Nandina domestica)
Broadleaf Evergreen, great in every season!
Scarlet Firethorn / Pyracantha(Pyracantha coccinea ‘Mohave’)
Berries
Common Sweetshrub / Carolina Allspice(Calycanthus floridus)
Native Va. to Fla. Fragrant dark reddish brown flowers.
Scotch Broom(Cytisus scoparius)
Many colorful cultivars available.
Spring Buddleia(Buddleia alternifolia)
Cascading branches
Koreanspice Viburnum(Viburnum carlesii)
Ninebark(Physocarpus opulifolious)
Oregon Grapeholly(Mahonia aquifolium)
Slender Deutzia(Deutzia gracilis 'Nikko')
Firethorn(Pyracantha coccinea)

Small Flowering Tree

Crabapples(Malus)
Colorful fruit in fall and winter. Birds will eat over winter.
Fringe tree(Chionanthus virginicus)
Flowering Dogwood(Cornus florida)
Burgundy fall foliage
Littleleaf Lilac(Syringa macrophylla)
Common Pawpaw(Asimia triloba)
Fragrant Snowbell(Styrax obassium)
Pagoda Dogwood(Cornus alternifolia)
Spreading horizontal branches
False Forget-me-not / Bugloss(Brunnera macrophylla)
Dogwood(Cornus florida)

Vines

Chocolate Vine / Fiveleaf Akebia(Akebia quinata)
False Hydrangea Vine(Schizophragma hydrangeoides)

Colors of Summer(June to August)

Bulbs

Canna(Canna)
A Milton Hershey favorite!
Garden Lily(Lilium species)
Falling Stars(Crocosmia)
Gladiola(Gladiolus x hortulanus)

Conifer

Lacebark Pine(Pinus bungeana)
Colorful bark year-round
Dawn Redwood(Metasequoia glyptostroboides)
Introduced 1947 -1948 Deciduous conifer
Umbrella-pine(Sciadopitys verticillata)
Beautiful deep glossy green foliage. Introduced 1861
Weeping Blue Atlas Cedar(Cedus atlantica 'Glauca Pendula')
A mature 'Signature tree' with silvery blue foliage on cascading branches.
Deodar Cedar(Cedrus deodara)
Hinoki Falsecypress(Chamaecyparis obtusa)
Shiny dark green frondlike branchlets on a tall, slender pyramidal plant.
Japanese Cryptomeria(Cryptomeria japonica 'Dense Jade')
Original Mother tree for this cultivar.
Weeping Norway Spruce(Picea abies forma pendula 'Inversa')
Mature specimen 'Signature Tree'.
‘Moerheimii’ Blue Spruce(Picea pungens 'Moerheimii')
Majestic 'Signature Tree' in every season.
Weeping White Pine(Pinus strobus 'Pendula')
Sierra Redwood(Sequoiadendron giganteum)
Native to California, this 'Signature tree' is a dwarf 40 to 60' compared to 250' west coast giants.
Common Baldcypress(Taxodium distichum)
Deciduous conifer shedding it's bronzed needles in the fall.
Common Chinafir(Cunninghamia lanceolata)
Beautiful messy 'Signature Tree'. Not good in high traffic areas as it sheds old branches over the winter.

Cool Season Annuals

Ageratum / Flossflower(Ageratum houstonianum)
Snapdragon(Antirrhinum majus)
Pink / Sweet William(Dianthus species)
Sweet Alyssum(Lobularia maritima)
Nemesia(Nemesia hybrida)
Twinspurs(Diascia hybrida)

Deciduous Tree

River Birch(Betula nigra)
Colorful bark year-round
Paperbark Maple(Acer griseum)
Cinnamon colored bark
Gingko / Maidenhair Tree(Ginkgo biloba)
Growing on earth for 150 million year and was native to the U.S. at one time. Introduced 1784. Male and female plants
Katsuratree(Cercidiphyllum japonicum)
Mature specimen 'Signature tree'
Weeping European Beech(Fagus sylvatica 'Pendula')
Mature specimen 'Signature Tree' about 100 years old.
Tricolor Beech(Fagus sylvatica 'Purpurea Tricolor')
Purplish leaves are edged and striped with rose and pinkish white.
Purple Beech(Fagus sylvatica 'Purpurea')
Mature specimen trees, elephant skin like trunks.
White Oak(Quercus alba)
Native Maine to Florida, west to Minnesota and Texas
Scarlet Oak(Quercus coccinea)
Native tree with great fall foliage.
Willow Oak(Quercus phellos)
Impressive native 'Signature Tree'. Leaves look like a willow.
Chestnut Oak(Quecus prinus)
Leaves resemble that of a chestnut tree. Native to Eastern U.S.
Black Oak(Quercus velutina)
Massive grove of native trees.
Common Sassafras(Sassafras albidum)
Native tree with outstanding fall color. Host plant for Tiger swallow-tail butterflies.
Catalpa(Catapa speciosa)
Goldenraintree(Koelreutaria paniculata)
Japanese Pagoda tree / Scholar-tree(Sophora japonica)

Fern

Japanese Holly Fern(Cyrtomium falcatum ‘Rochfordianum’)
Autumn Fern(Dryopteris erythrosora)
Coppery orange foliage

Grass

Quaking Oats(Briza maxima)
Good for dried bouquets
Red Fountain Grass(Pennisetum setaceum 'Rubrum')
Tender annual grass
Hardy Fountain Grass(Pennisetum alopecuroides)
Giant Reed Grass(Arundo donax)
10 to 15' tall looking a lot like corn
Feather Reed Grass(Calamagrostis acutiflora)
'Karl Foerster' cultivar winning 2001 Perennial of the Year award.
Sedge(Carex species)
Many cultivars are semi-evergreen.
Blue Fescue(Festuca glauca)
8 to 12" tall, intense, powder blue
Japanese Forest Grass(Hakonechloa macra)
Gracefully, cascading leaves with varied colorations. Cultivar 'Aureola' won 2009 Perennial Plant of the Year.

Groundcover

Dead Nettle / Lamium(Lamium maculatum)
Colorful foliage

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Yarrow(Achillea filpendulina)

Perennials

Bearded Iris(Iris germanica)
Some cultivars are re-bloomers
Giant Ornamental Onion(Allium giganteum)
Seed heads are used in flower arrangements
Roses(Rosa species)
175 cultivars & species – over 3,500 plants
Astilbe(Astilbe species)
Coneflower(Echinacea purpurea)
Butterfly Weed(Asclepias tuberosa)
Oriental Poppy(Papaver orientale)
Black Cohosh(Cimicifuga racemosa)
Native to North America, 3 to 8 foot tall, white flowers on 3' spike
Tickseed(Coreopsis species)
There are about 100 species native to central U.S. and tropical Africa
Globe Thistle(Echinops ritro)
Use as cut and dried flowers, Full sun, will tolerate very dry soil
Black-eyed Susan(Rudbeckia hirta)
Japanese Anemone(Anemone x hybrida)
Milkweed / Butterfly Weed(Asclepias species)
Asclepias is derived from the name of the Greek god of healing, Asklepios.
Blackberry Lily(Belamcanda chinensis)
Root Tubers; When not in flower foliage resembles a iris. Clusters of black seeds are used in flower arrangements
Leadwort / Plumbago(Ceratostigma plumbaginoides)
Leadwort should be cutback to the ground in spring to stimulate new growth.
Foxglove(Digitalis purpurea)
Technically a biennial, it self sows and can remain in the garden for years.
Joe-pye weed(Eupatorium species)
Many species, mainly from Mexico, the West Indies, tropical South America and some are native in the eastern U.S. Some species spread easily.
Hardy Sunflower(Heliopsis scabra)
Valued for its bright color and long blooming season.
Beardtongue(Penstemon x gloxiniodes)
Hybrid between P. cobaea and P. hartwegi native to Mexico
Spike Speedwell(Veronica spicata)
Sea-Lavender(Limonium latifolium)
To dry flowers, cut when they are fully open and hang upside down in a dark place.
Coralbells / Alum Root(Heuchera sanguinea)
70 species are native to the Rockies. Many hybrids with different colorful foliage.
Cranesbill / Hardy Geranium(Geranium species)
Geum / Avens(Geum hybrids)
Good as cut flowers
Rose Mallow / Hibiscus(Hibiscus moscheutos)
Spiderwort(Tradescantia virginiana)
Native to central U.S. Cut back to ground after flowering and they will grow and rebloom.
Daylily(Hemerocallis hybrids)
Many cultivars of different sizes, colors, heights, and bloom times
Cardinal Flower(Lobelia cardinalis)
Great Blue Lobelia(Lobelia siphilitica)
Garden Phlox / Ground Pinks(Phlox species)
Many species native to southeastern U.S.
Loosestrife(Lysimachia species)
Many species best used in informal borders or naturalized
Hosta(Hosta species and cultivars)
Many sizes and colorful foliages
Bee Balm / Oswego Tea(Monarda didyma)
Native to eastern North America. Rapid spreader, naturalize
Lavender(Lavandula angustifolia)
Best if cutback in spring to just above last year's point of growth.
Germander(Teucrium chamaedrys)
Herbal tea - Consuming germander is now discouraged because it has been shown to cause liver damage.
Sages / Salvia / Mealycup Sage(Salvia species)
Many species, some tender and used as annuals.
Lilyturf / Liriope(Liriope spicata)
Ground cover, best to cutback foliage over winter or early spring.
Dusty Miller(Senecio cineraria)
Silver-blue foliage is uses as early spring annual, annual, and looks good into late fall.
Obedient Plant / False Dragonhead(Physostegia virginiana)
Native to eastern North America
Christmas fern(Polystichum acrostichoides)
Russian-sage(Perovskia atriplicifolia)
A bee magnet.
Campion(Silene carolinana)
Silvery blue fuzzy foliage
Chinese Ground Orchid(Bletilla striata)
Spikenard(Aralia 'Sun King')
36" tall, chartreuse foliage
Adam’s Needle(Yucca filamentosa)
Butterfly Flower(Gaura lindheimeri)
Creeping Thyme(Thymus serpyllum)
Gayfeather(Liatris scariosa)
Goat’s Beard(Aruncus dioicus 'Sylvester')
Gooseneck(Lysimachia clethroides)
Sneezeweed / Helen’s Flower(Helenium autumnale)
Hibiscus / Rose Mallow(Hibiscus moscheutos)
Hyssop(Agastache x. 'Blue Fortune')
Poppy(Papaver orientale)
Scotch Heather(Calluna vulgaris)
Shasta Daisy(Leucanthemum x)
Stokes Aster(Stokesia Laevis)
Turtlehead(Chelone glabra)
Betony(Stachys officinalis)
Lamb’s Ear(Stachys byzantine)

Shrub

Yucca / Adam’s Needle(Yucca filamentosa)
Evergreen, native to the warm regions of North America.
Bluebeard / Blue-mist Shrub(Caryopteris x clandonensis)
Chastetree(Vitex negundo)
Virginia Sweetspire((Itea virginica))
Summersweet Clethra(Clethra alnifolia)
Spirea(Spirea species)
Oakleaf Hydrangea(Hydrangea quercifolia)
Bottlebrush Buckeye(Aesculus parviflora)
Rose-of-Sharon(Hibiscus syriacus)
Butterfly-bush(Buddleia davidii)
Cultivar flowers in shades of pink, purple, and white.
Common Sweetshrub / Carolina Allspice(Calycanthus floridus)
Native Va. to Fla. Fragrant dark reddish brown flowers.
Buttonbush(Cephalanthus occidentalis)
Common Fig(Ficus carica)
Donated from 4th generation Italian family.
Bigleaf Hydrangea(Hydrangea macrophylla)
Cultivars with large white, blue, or pink flowers.
Shrub Bushclover(Lespedeza bicolor)
Bush Cinquefoil(Potentilla fruticosa)
Tamarix / Saltcedar(Tamarix ramosissima 'Pink Cascade')
Abelia(Abelia x grandiflora)
American Elder(Sambucus canadensis)
Bush Clover(Lespedeza bicolor)
Mockorange(Philadelphus coronarius)
Cinquefoil / Potentilla(Potentilla fruiticosa)
Smokebush(Cotinus coggygria)
Snowberry(Symphoricarpos albus)
St. Johnswort(Hypericum prolificum)

Small Flowering Tree

Flowering Plum(Prunus triloba)
Kousa Dogwood(Cornus kousa)
Colorful fall foliage
Japanese Stewartia(Stewartia pseudo-camellia)
Colorful bark , fall foliage color, summer white flowers
Southern Magnolia(Magnolia grandiflora)
Evergreen foliage, huge white flowers in summer
Japanese Snowbell(Styrax japonicum)
Fragrant Snowbell(Styrax obassium)
Sweetbay Magnolia((Magnolia virginiana))
Crapemyrtle(Lagerstroemia indica)
Summer bloom, fall color, colorful bark and seed pods
Sourwood tree(Oxydendrum arboretum)
Native
Pagoda Dogwood(Cornus alternifolia)
Spreading horizontal branches
Yellowwood(Cladrastis lutea)

Summer Annual

Borage(Borago officinalis)
Herb used in salads. self-sowing seeds
Ornamental pepper(Capsicum annuum)
Many colors, shapes, sizes
Cockscomb / Plumed or Crested Celosia(Celosia cristata)
A good dried flower.
Cleome / Spider flower(Cleome hasslerana)
Globe Amaranth / Gomphrena(Gomphrena globosa)
Clover-like flower heads excellent for drying.
Flowering Tobacco / Nicotiana((Nicotiana alata))
Beefsteak Plant(Perilla frutescens)
Grown for it's colorful foliage.
Creeping Zinnia(Sanvitalia procumbens)
Marigold(Tagetes species)
Many species and cultivars of varied color, size bloom, and height.
Torenia / Wishbone Flower(Torenia fournieri)
Nasturtium(Tropaeolum species)
Native to the cooler parts of South America.
Zinnia(Zinnia elegans)
Many colors, shapes, and sizes.

Tender Perennial

Begonia(Begonia x semperflorens-cultorum)
Grown as an annual
Coleus(Coleus x hybridus)
Grown for it's colorful foliage. Tender perennial grown as a summer annual.
Cuphea / Batface(Cuphea ignea)
A tender perennial grown as a summer annual.
Lantana(Lantana camara)
Many cultivars of different colors and growth habits.
Four-O’Clock(Mirabilis jalapa)
Will self sow seeds. Herb still used as an antibacterial.
Banana(Musa ensete 'Maurelii')
develops broad leaves with burgundy-red truck 10-20"

Vines

Clematis Vine(Clematis species)
Cimbing Hydrangea(Hydrangea anomala subsp. petiolaris)
Showy white flowers
Trumpet vine(Campsis radicans)

Autumn Splendor(September to Mid November)

Bulbs

Showy Autumn Crocus(Colchicum speciosum)
Foliage arrives in spring, dies back in summer, blooms in fall

Conifer

Dawn Redwood(Metasequoia glyptostroboides)
Introduced 1947 -1948 Deciduous conifer
Common Larch(Larix decidua)
Conifer that drops it needles over the winter.
‘Moerheimii’ Blue Spruce(Picea pungens 'Moerheimii')
Majestic 'Signature Tree' in every season.
Weeping White Pine(Pinus strobus 'Pendula')
Sierra Redwood(Sequoiadendron giganteum)
Native to California, this 'Signature tree' is a dwarf 40 to 60' compared to 250' west coast giants.
Common Baldcypress(Taxodium distichum)
Deciduous conifer shedding it's bronzed needles in the fall.

Cool Season Annuals

Autumn Crocus(Colchicum speciosum)

Deciduous Tree

Red Maple(Acer rubrum)
Red flowers in spring and great fall foliage color
Tuliptree / Tulip Poplar(Liriodendron tulipifera)
Golden fall color
Gingko / Maidenhair Tree(Ginkgo biloba)
Growing on earth for 150 million year and was native to the U.S. at one time. Introduced 1784. Male and female plants
Japanese Maple Trees(Acer palmatum)
Many cultivars have as colorful foliage in spring as in fall. Branch structure interesting in winter.
Sugar Maple(Acer saccharum)
Outstanding native tree with brilliant yellow, burnt orange, and red tones in fall. Sap is boiled down to make maple syrup.
White Ash(Fraxinus americana)
Native to U.S. wonderful autumn color.
American Sweetgum(Liquidambar styraciflua)
Native tree with great fall color. Showy seed pods in winter.
Scarlet Oak(Quercus coccinea)
Native tree with great fall foliage.
Willow Oak(Quercus phellos)
Impressive native 'Signature Tree'. Leaves look like a willow.
Black Oak(Quercus velutina)
Massive grove of native trees.
Common Sassafras(Sassafras albidum)
Native tree with outstanding fall color. Host plant for Tiger swallow-tail butterflies.

Fern

Japanese Holly Fern(Cyrtomium falcatum ‘Rochfordianum’)
Autumn Fern(Dryopteris erythrosora)
Coppery orange foliage

Grass

Quaking Oats(Briza maxima)
Good for dried bouquets
Hardy Fountain Grass(Pennisetum alopecuroides)
Giant Reed Grass(Arundo donax)
10 to 15' tall looking a lot like corn
Feather Reed Grass(Calamagrostis acutiflora)
'Karl Foerster' cultivar winning 2001 Perennial of the Year award.
Sedge(Carex species)
Many cultivars are semi-evergreen.
Blue Fescue(Festuca glauca)
8 to 12" tall, intense, powder blue
Japanese Forest Grass(Hakonechloa macra)
Gracefully, cascading leaves with varied colorations. Cultivar 'Aureola' won 2009 Perennial Plant of the Year.

Groundcover

Dead Nettle / Lamium(Lamium maculatum)
Colorful foliage

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Green Hawthorn(Crataegus viridis 'Winter King')

Perennials

Leadwort / Plumbago(Ceratostigma plumbaginoides)
Leadwort should be cutback to the ground in spring to stimulate new growth.
Joe-pye weed(Eupatorium species)
Many species, mainly from Mexico, the West Indies, tropical South America and some are native in the eastern U.S. Some species spread easily.
Hardy Sunflower(Heliopsis scabra)
Valued for its bright color and long blooming season.
Coralbells / Alum Root(Heuchera sanguinea)
70 species are native to the Rockies. Many hybrids with different colorful foliage.
Spiderwort(Tradescantia virginiana)
Native to central U.S. Cut back to ground after flowering and they will grow and rebloom.
Daylily(Hemerocallis hybrids)
Many cultivars of different sizes, colors, heights, and bloom times
Cardinal Flower(Lobelia cardinalis)
Great Blue Lobelia(Lobelia siphilitica)
Garden Phlox / Ground Pinks(Phlox species)
Many species native to southeastern U.S.
Hosta(Hosta species and cultivars)
Many sizes and colorful foliages
Lavender(Lavandula angustifolia)
Best if cutback in spring to just above last year's point of growth.
Sages / Salvia / Mealycup Sage(Salvia species)
Many species, some tender and used as annuals.
Lilyturf / Liriope(Liriope spicata)
Ground cover, best to cutback foliage over winter or early spring.
Chocolate Joe-pye weed(Eupatorium rugosum 'Chocolate')
Can be an aggressive self seeder
Sedum / Showy Stonecrop(Sedum spectabile ‘Autumn Joy’)
Colorful seed heads look good through winter.
Asters(Aster species)
Native to North America
Dusty Miller(Senecio cineraria)
Silver-blue foliage is uses as early spring annual, annual, and looks good into late fall.
Goldenrod(Solidago species)
Native
Obedient Plant / False Dragonhead(Physostegia virginiana)
Native to eastern North America
Christmas fern(Polystichum acrostichoides)
Sweetautumn Clematis(Clematis paniculata)
Fragrant white flowers
Sneezeweed / Helen’s Flower(Helenium autumnale)
Mums / Chrysanthemums(Chrysanthemum)
Many colors, flower types, and bloom times
Montauk Daisy(Nipponanthemum nipponicum)
Betony(Stachys officinalis)
Lamb’s Ear(Stachys byzantine)

Shrub

Witchhazel(Hamamelis x intermedia)
Colorful fall foliage
PJM Rhododendron(Rhododendron P.J.M. Hybrids)
Reblooms in fall
Fragrant Winterhazel(Corylopsis glabrescens)
Golden fall foliage
Serviceberry(Amelanchier arborea)
Native shrub is covered with white blooms in spring and beautiful colored foliage in autumn.
Red Chokeberry(Aronia arbutifolia)
Fothergilla(Fothergilla major)
Beautiful fall foliage
Holly(Ilex species)
Red and Yellow berries
Beautyberries(Callicarpa species)
Purple or White berries
Winterberry Holly(Ilex verticillata)
Colorful red berries covering branches
Yellowtwig Dogwood(Cornus sericea ‘Bud’s Yellow’)
Redtwig Dogwood(Cornus stolonifera)
Best red stems color if older branches, thicker than a pencil, are removed yearly.
Scarlet Firethorn / Pyracantha(Pyracantha coccinea ‘Mohave’)
Berries
Bluebeard / Blue-mist Shrub(Caryopteris x clandonensis)
Virginia Sweetspire((Itea virginica))
Oakleaf Hydrangea(Hydrangea quercifolia)
Bottlebrush Buckeye(Aesculus parviflora)
Common Fig(Ficus carica)
Donated from 4th generation Italian family.
Bush Cinquefoil(Potentilla fruticosa)
Ninebark(Physocarpus opulifolious)
Firethorn(Pyracantha coccinea)
Snowberry(Symphoricarpos albus)
St. Johnswort(Hypericum prolificum)

Small Flowering Tree

Flowering Cherries(Prunus)
Beautiful fall foliage
Persian Parrotia(Parrotia persica)
Colorful fall foliage
Crabapples(Malus)
Colorful fruit in fall and winter. Birds will eat over winter.
Flowering Dogwood(Cornus florida)
Burgundy fall foliage
Kousa Dogwood(Cornus kousa)
Colorful fall foliage
Japanese Stewartia(Stewartia pseudo-camellia)
Colorful bark , fall foliage color, summer white flowers
Crapemyrtle(Lagerstroemia indica)
Summer bloom, fall color, colorful bark and seed pods
Sourwood tree(Oxydendrum arboretum)
Native
Dogwood(Cornus florida)

Summer Annual

Ornamental pepper(Capsicum annuum)
Many colors, shapes, sizes
Marigold(Tagetes species)
Many species and cultivars of varied color, size bloom, and height.

Tender Perennial

Coleus(Coleus x hybridus)
Grown for it's colorful foliage. Tender perennial grown as a summer annual.

Winter Walk(Mid November to January)

Conifer

Lacebark Pine(Pinus bungeana)
Colorful bark year-round
Japanese Red Pine(Pinus densiflora)
Dawn Redwood(Metasequoia glyptostroboides)
Introduced 1947 -1948 Deciduous conifer
Umbrella-pine(Sciadopitys verticillata)
Beautiful deep glossy green foliage. Introduced 1861
White Fir(Abies concolor)
Bluish or grayish green soft needles
Nordmann Fir(Abies Nordmanniana)
A mature 'Signature Tree' with handsome lustrous deep green foliage.
Weeping Blue Atlas Cedar(Cedus atlantica 'Glauca Pendula')
A mature 'Signature tree' with silvery blue foliage on cascading branches.
Deodar Cedar(Cedrus deodara)
Hinoki Falsecypress(Chamaecyparis obtusa)
Shiny dark green frondlike branchlets on a tall, slender pyramidal plant.
Japanese Cryptomeria(Cryptomeria japonica 'Dense Jade')
Original Mother tree for this cultivar.
Weeping Norway Spruce(Picea abies forma pendula 'Inversa')
Mature specimen 'Signature Tree'.
Serbian Spruce(Picea omorika)
Oriental Spruce(Picea orientalis)
‘Moerheimii’ Blue Spruce(Picea pungens 'Moerheimii')
Majestic 'Signature Tree' in every season.
Weeping White Pine(Pinus strobus 'Pendula')
Sierra Redwood(Sequoiadendron giganteum)
Native to California, this 'Signature tree' is a dwarf 40 to 60' compared to 250' west coast giants.
Common Baldcypress(Taxodium distichum)
Deciduous conifer shedding it's bronzed needles in the fall.

Deciduous Tree

River Birch(Betula nigra)
Colorful bark year-round
Paperbark Maple(Acer griseum)
Cinnamon colored bark
Japanese Maple Trees(Acer palmatum)
Many cultivars have as colorful foliage in spring as in fall. Branch structure interesting in winter.
Common Alder / Black Alder(Alnus glutinosa)
Showy reddish-brown male flowers (catkins) and female egg-shaped brown nutlets persisting through winter.
Katsuratree(Cercidiphyllum japonicum)
Mature specimen 'Signature tree'
Weeping European Beech(Fagus sylvatica 'Pendula')
Mature specimen 'Signature Tree' about 100 years old.
Purple Beech(Fagus sylvatica 'Purpurea')
Mature specimen trees, elephant skin like trunks.
American Sweetgum(Liquidambar styraciflua)
Native tree with great fall color. Showy seed pods in winter.
White Oak(Quercus alba)
Native Maine to Florida, west to Minnesota and Texas
Willow Oak(Quercus phellos)
Impressive native 'Signature Tree'. Leaves look like a willow.
Chestnut Oak(Quecus prinus)
Leaves resemble that of a chestnut tree. Native to Eastern U.S.
Black Oak(Quercus velutina)
Massive grove of native trees.

Fern

Japanese Holly Fern(Cyrtomium falcatum ‘Rochfordianum’)
Autumn Fern(Dryopteris erythrosora)
Coppery orange foliage

Grass

Quaking Oats(Briza maxima)
Good for dried bouquets
Hardy Fountain Grass(Pennisetum alopecuroides)
Feather Reed Grass(Calamagrostis acutiflora)
'Karl Foerster' cultivar winning 2001 Perennial of the Year award.
Sedge(Carex species)
Many cultivars are semi-evergreen.
Blue Fescue(Festuca glauca)
8 to 12" tall, intense, powder blue
Japanese Forest Grass(Hakonechloa macra)
Gracefully, cascading leaves with varied colorations. Cultivar 'Aureola' won 2009 Perennial Plant of the Year.

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Green Hawthorn(Crataegus viridis 'Winter King')

Perennials

Sedum / Showy Stonecrop(Sedum spectabile ‘Autumn Joy’)
Colorful seed heads look good through winter.
Christmas fern(Polystichum acrostichoides)
Christmas Rose(Helleborus niger)
Blooming for Christmas through spring

Shrub

Japanese Pieris(Pieris japonica)
Colorful showy flower buds in early spring and winter
Oregon Grapeholly(Mahonia aquifolium)
Broadleaf Evergreen
Cherry laurel(Prunus laurocerasus)
Heavenly bamboo / Nandina(Nandina domestica)
Broadleaf Evergreen, great in every season!
Yucca / Adam’s Needle(Yucca filamentosa)
Evergreen, native to the warm regions of North America.
Holly(Ilex species)
Red and Yellow berries
Beautyberries(Callicarpa species)
Purple or White berries
Winterberry Holly(Ilex verticillata)
Colorful red berries covering branches
Yellowtwig Dogwood(Cornus sericea ‘Bud’s Yellow’)
Redtwig Dogwood(Cornus stolonifera)
Best red stems color if older branches, thicker than a pencil, are removed yearly.
Scarlet Firethorn / Pyracantha(Pyracantha coccinea ‘Mohave’)
Berries
Buttonbush(Cephalanthus occidentalis)
Northern Bayberry(Myrica pensylvanica)
Native plant with small gray, waxy fruit on female plants.
Firethorn(Pyracantha coccinea)

Small Flowering Tree

Crabapples(Malus)
Colorful fruit in fall and winter. Birds will eat over winter.
Japanese Stewartia(Stewartia pseudo-camellia)
Colorful bark , fall foliage color, summer white flowers
Southern Magnolia(Magnolia grandiflora)
Evergreen foliage, huge white flowers in summer
Crapemyrtle(Lagerstroemia indica)
Summer bloom, fall color, colorful bark and seed pods
Sourwood tree(Oxydendrum arboretum)
Native